International Baccalaureate Introduction
The IBO mission statement
The International Baccalaureate Organization aims to develop inquiring,
knowledgeable and caring young people who help to create a better and more
peaceful world through intercultural understanding and respect.
To this end the IBO works with schools, governments and
international organizations to develop challenging programmes of
international education and rigorous assessment.
These programmes encourage students across the world to
become active, compassionate and lifelong learners who understand that other
people, with their differences, can also be right. (www.ibo.org
The IBO was founded in 1968, and is a nonprofit educational
foundation based in Geneva Switzerland. It offers three programmes to
The Primary Years Programme (PYP) is for students aged 3
The Middle Years Programme (MYP) is for students aged 11
The Diploma Programme (IBDP) is for students in the
final two years of school before university.
There are 1,550 schools in 117 countries (Sept. 2004). The IBO provides them:
curriculum and assessment development
teacher training and information seminars
other educational services.
The IBO grew out of international schools' efforts as early as 1924 to
establish a common curriculum and university entry credential. The schools
were also motivated by an idealistic vision. They hoped that critical
thinking and exposure to a variety of points of view would encourage
intercultural understanding by young people. They concentrated on the last
two years of school before university studies in order to build a curriculum
that would lead to what they called a "baccalaureate",
administered in any country, recognized by universities in everywhere. The
balanced curriculum and high standards of assessment for the Diploma
Programme led to its rapid growth. The MYP and PYP were adopted in 1994 and
The three programmes, based on the same philosophy, cover
students aged 3 to 19. Schools may subscribe to any or all of the programmes;
none is a prerequisite for another.